Learning Goal: I’m working on a political science question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn. INSTRUCTIONS The following questions/challenges are variations of themes, which illustrate aspects of the American Character. Challenge # 1 is required. Select three others and share your reflections and viewpoints. In your discussions you should share your understanding of the relevant components of the American Character. Each Response is required to be taken seriously and throughly answered. America has experienced serious tensions in the promotion of itscreed. Prepare a report card on America’s performance and status.Use the following tensions/conflicts and give America a grade (A, B,C, D, F) on each one as you evaluate the country’s efforts to fulfill its mission. Racism Sexism Liberty Equality Constitutionalism/Democracy Access to Opportunity/the American Dream Cultivation and Appreciation of Diversity Global Leadership Explain the basis for the grade. If America were yourstudent, what advice would you give to improve thegrade? Based upon our class discussions and the readingassignments what do you consider are America’s greatestchallenges in the twenty-first century? Have we fulfilledthe promise expressed in the American Creed? Can youidentify any unfinished business, which commandsAmerica’s urgent attention? Discuss.2. Comment on the following statement. “America was founded as anation not defined by blood or soil but by ideas. In its foundingmoments America said it correctly but did not behave in completeaccord with its stated ideals. Yet, its greatest strength lies in theprofound recognition by many of its citizens in the inconsistencybetween words and deeds and in their passionate commitment towork hard to close the gap.” Discuss your views regarding theaccuracy of this statement. Identify the gaps and describe the work ofthose Americans who believed in the “American Ideals.” What is themeaning of the expression- “America is a country in continuousrevolution”? Discuss examples. What would you identify asAmerica’s greatest strengths or virtues as expressed in deeds notwords? What would you consider to be its greatest weaknesses,threats and tensions?3. Is Lady Liberty who stands in the harbor of America’s largest citystill alive? Why? Why not? Soon, the country must have aComprehensive Immigration bill. What are some of the issues, whichmust be addressed in that bill? Reflect on the diversity characteristicof America. We are a country of many cultures. What is the glue thatholds all these different groups together? Should we strive to mergethese different groups into one “soup puree” or “fruit smoothie”through some process of assimilation? Alternatively, should wepursue the goal of promoting America as a “salad bowl” in which thediverse cultural histories and values are appreciated?4. America’s current foreign policy is described as a “moral obligationto spread democracy around the world” or to “extend the blessings ofliberty to all people on earth”. What is your view of this policy?What is the source of America’s moral authority in representingitself as the “leader of the free world”? Discuss the relevance of“Manifest Destiny” and “Progressive Imperialism”. What is yourview of Beveridge’s statement in “The March of the Flag” (1890)?“GOD is the source of our (moral) authority. HE created a masterrace-HIS chosen people. The rule of liberty that all just governmentderives its authority from the consent of the governed applies only tothose who are capable of self-government. It is ours to set the worldits example of right and honor. We cannot fly from our worldduties.”*Is it okay to go to war and put “democracy on the end of abayonet or force regime changes in other countries throughmilitary action?”*What is the evidence that American values will always workwell in other countries and societies?*Why not let people in other cultures and societies decide theirown value systems? For example, is it ethical for the U.S. tohave a policy of making aid and grants to African countriesconditional on their acceptance of American values?*What is your view of the following: “Although we have never colonized a country we have engaged in ‘economic imperialism’. We don’t have to take over a country. We can simply control its economy. Who really owns a country-he who owns the government, or he who owns the economy?”5. You awakened this morning with a great urge to seek the office ofPresident of the United States. How would you wish to changeAmerica? What strategies would you use to attract endorsements? Bespecific.6. The keynote address “Intolerance and the American Character”was delivered to the first global conference of the InternationalFoundation of Tolerance. It is posted on CANVAS. Review and offersuggestions on ways to promote tolerance or combat intolerance ofdiversity in America. How would you feed the good wolf?7. Comment on the following:*How does the American Creed of LIBERTY apply to thecurrent public health crisis in the United States? How do you balancethe interest of the ‘individual’ versus the group? Explain the twoconcepts of liberty- Liberty FROM and liberty TO.*Do you perceive any economic obligations of the Americanpeople to promote “Pursuit of Happiness” since we declare it to be agift from the DIVINE? Is this an entitlement of the people? What, inyour opinion, does this mean?*In the article posted on CANVAS – “The Market ErodesDemocratic Government” there is a strong suggestion that ‘corporatemoney can hijack or over-ride the will and power of the people’. Doyou believe we should pass laws that prohibit corporate powerexpressing itself in ways that inhibit or impact liberty?8. Comment on the following CASE.Henry Chang is a citizen of The People’s Republic of China. Hehas applied for citizenship in the United States. He first came to theUnited States as a student under a student visa. Since his graduationfrom a U.S. college, he has the status of a resident with a green card.For three years he has been employed as a professor in a universityin the United States. He has been a law-abiding resident and acontributor to the U.S. economy. He has never received a trafficticket or any other citation.Mr. Chang is married to a United States citizen and has twochildren who were born in the United States.He is now an applicant for United States citizenship and is inthe final stages of review. The United States Immigration andNaturalization Service is considering denial of his application on thegrounds that he is “not loyal to American values.”INS offers evidence of speeches and lectures in which Mr.Chang alleges that the United States CREED is hypocritical becauseit does not apply to or enforced for all citizens. He has also expressedin lectures the view that “democracy’ in America has been hijackedby money and is not effective.”There is also a law to be attached to the pending immigrationstatute that “requires naturalization applicants to embrace andexpress in word and deed a commitment to liberty, equality anddemocracy. It also forbids them from adhering to ideologicalprinciples such as totalitarianism, communism, and anarchism.Mr. Chang challenges the constitutionality of this proposedstatute and alleges that his speeches and writing challenges theapplication of the American Creed in American history to all citizens.He also asserts that democracy does not work well in American onlybecause people are not informed enough to truly govern themselves.He also argues that the proposed law is a violation of the FirstAmendment of the U.S. Constitution guaranteeing freedom of speech.He claims his speech is not harmful, but beneficial to America because it forces students and others to think and evaluate the effectiveness of the application of the American Creed. He asserts “the freedom to criticize America for its shortcomings in behavior should be extended to all people, citizens as well as those aspiring to be citizens.COMMENT ON THE ABOVE.9. The following is a journal entry from a student in a previousseminar. COMMENT/respond to his point of view.“I was born and raised in East Germany. I spent my first twoyears as an undergraduate in a university in the Soviet Union. Iimmigrated to the United States to attend NYIT. I wanted toexperience the “home of the brave and the land of the free.”“Since coming to the United States I have encounteredarrogance of enormous magnitude suggesting unquestionedsuperiority of American values. I have concluded this superiority isonly a theory yet to be proved.“For the first time in my life, I have observed homeless peoplewithout a place to lay their head at night. In my country everybodyhad a place to sleep. Yes, it may have been crowded and inferior inquality compared to the U.S.A.. Yet, we did not fear the rain at nightor have to sleep watching the moon. I have seen people without shoesto wear. I always had at least one pair of shoes. If I had an illness Iwas never concerned about medical care. I have met sick people,here, who did not have health care because they could not pay adoctor. Yes, the government told us what we must do and there werepenalties for disobedience. However, the government cared for ourminimum needs. Yes, our economic system served the interest of theSTATE but was not hijacked by private corporations to advancetheir private wealth..“However, the basic needs of the people were also met. I lovethe concept of LIBERTY in America. I have also concluded it is aconcept only. There is a lot of work to be done to advance true“access to opportunity”.10. The essay “Invisible and the Voiceless” posted on CANVAS iswritten by a person who was an undocumented immigrant. Reviewand comment. How would you resolve the issues related to the statusof undocumented immigrants? Select one or several issues related tothe need for a ‘Comprehensive Immigration Policy’ and comment.Requirements: Thoroughly answer
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Prepare a report card on America’s performance and status.