How do the surface temperatures of the countries in the northern latitudes

  

Question 1: How do the surface temperatures of the countries in the northern latitudes (for example, Canada, Iceland, Norway, and Russia) compare to those of northern Africa (for example, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Sudan)?Question 1 options:1) The temperatures are higher in the northern latitudes during summer months when net radiation is higher.2) The temperatures are lower in north Africa during the summer months when net radiation is higher in northern latitudes.3) Temperatures are lower in northern latitudes year-round.4) Temperatures are only lower in the northern latitudes during winter months.Question 2 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 2: Considering water freezes (or alternatively, melts) at 0°C, determine from the map which countries or landmasses have an annual mean temperature around 0°C.Question 2 options:1) Canada and Norway2) The United States and the United Kingdom3) Greenland and Antarctica4) Russia and AntarcticaQuestion 3 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 3: The heat index on a warm day (86°F or 30°C) when the relative humidity is 50% is:Question 3 options:1) 87F2) 90F3) 31C4) 33FQuestion 4 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 4: Identify three negative impacts of heat islands.Question 4 options:1) Increased energy consumption, elevated greenhouse gases, improved water quality2) Compromised human health, lower energy consumption, lower water quality3) Decreased greenhouse gases, higher energy consumption, compromised human health4) Increased greenhouse gases, greater air pollution, increased energy consumptionQuestion 5 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 5: What is the name of this US county? (You might have to zoom in to see place names.)Question 5 options:1) Lasalle2) Bureau3) Putnam4) MarshallQuestion 6 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 6: Is the temperature anomaly warmer or colder?Question 6 options:1) The anomaly is warmer2) The anomaly is colder3) There is no anomaly, temperature is the same4) Unable to discernQuestion 7 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 7: What is the name of the European city?Question 7 options:1) Ludres2) Frouard3) Nancy4) ToulQuestion 8 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 8: Is the temperature anomaly warmer or colder?Question 8 options:1) The anomaly is generally warmer (warmer trend)2) The anomaly is generally colder (colder trend)3) No anomaly, temperature is the same4) Unable to discernQuestion 9 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 9: What is the name of the capital city?Question 9 options:1) Windhoek2) Okahandja3) Pretoria4) KhomasQuestion 10 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 10: Is the temperature anomaly warmer or colder?Question 10 options:1) The anomaly is warmer2) The anomaly is colder3) There is no anomaly, temperature is the same4) Unable to discernQuestion 11 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 11: What is the temperature anomaly (in °C)?Question 11 options:1) -12°C2) -4°C3) 4°C4) 12°CQuestion 12 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 12: How does this anomaly compare to the one in January 2011?Question 12 options:1) The anomaly is warmer2) The anomaly is colder3) There is no anomaly, temperature is the same4) Unable to discernQuestion 13 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 13: Why does the temperature increase in the upper portion of the stratosphere?Question 13 options:1) Because long wave radiation is heating the earth’s surface2) Because ozone blocks ultra-violet radiation and releases heat3) Because clouds are able to trap heat4) Because heat is trapped in this portion of the atmosphereQuestion 14 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 14: Because temperature increases as altitude increases in the stratosphere, is the environmental lapse rate positive or negative?Question 14 options:1) The lapse rate is positive2) The lapse rate is negative3) The lapse rate is zero4) Unable to discernQuestion 15 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 15: Why are temperatures in the thermosphere so high?Question 15 options:1) Because this layer is closest to the sun2) Because of intense solar radiation3) Because there are so few molecules4) Because of the lack of pollutantsQuestion 16 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 16: Would it feel hotter on a warm summer day in the thermosphere or the troposphere? (Hint: Think composition!)Question 16 options:1) In the thermosphere because temperature reaches over 1000F2) In the troposphere because temperature reaches over 1000F3) In the thermosphere because of the intense solar radiation4) In the troposphere because there are more air molecules to retain heatQuestion 17 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 17: The altitude in town N is 1000m and the air temperature is 22°C. What is the air temperature (in°C) at 3000m?Question 17 options:1) 22°C – (3000m-1000m)*6.4/1000m = 9.2°C2) 22°C + (3000m-1000m)*6.4/1000m = 34.8°C3) 22°C – (3000m-1000m)*5.76/1000m = 10.5°C4) 22°C – (3000m-1000m)*5.76/1000m = 33.5°CQuestion 18 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 18: The altitude in town P is 1000m and the air temperature is 18°C. What would be the temperature (in °C) of Town P if it were located instead at 500m?Question 18 options:1) 18 + (1000m-500m) *6.4/1000m = 21.2°C2) 18 – (1000m-500m) *6.4/1000m = 14.8°C3) 18 + (1000m+500m) *6.4/1000m = 27.6°C4) 18 – (1000m+500m) *6.4/1000m = 9.0°CQuestion 19 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 19: Estimate the average monthly daytime temperature in December for this location.Question 19 options:1) 0°C2) 5°C3) 15°C4) 25°CQuestion 20 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 20: Record the latitude for this location.Question 20 options:1) 58N2) 58S3) 34N4) 34SQuestion 21 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 21: Estimate the average monthly daytime temperature in December for this location.Question 21 options:1) 0°C2) 5°C3) 10°C4) 25°CQuestion 22 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 22: Record the latitude for this location.Question 22 options:1) 33S2) 33N3) 84N4) 84SQuestion 23 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 23: What global-scale factor(s) accounts for the temperature difference between Locations D and E? Check all that apply.Question 23 options:A.   LatitudeB.   Axial tiltC.   Time of dayD.   All of the aboveQuestion 24 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 24: Estimate the average monthly night time December temperature for location F.Question 24 options:1) -20°C2) 0°C3) 5°C4) 15°CQuestion 25 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 25: Estimate the average monthly night time December temperature for location G.Question 25 options:1) -15°C2) 0°C3) 5°C4) 10°CQuestion 26 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 23: Account for the temperature difference you recorded for Location F and G. Check all that apply.Question 26 options:A.   LatitudeB.   Axial tiltC.   Time of dayD.   All of the aboveQuestion 27 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 27: What global-scale factor(s) accounts for the temperature difference you recorded between Locations E and F?Question 27 options:1) Latitude2) Axial tilt3) Time of day4) All of the aboveQuestion 28 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 28: Estimate the mean monthly July temperature for Location H.Question 28 options:1) 0°C2) 5°C3) 15°C4) 25°CQuestion 29 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 29: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location I.Question 29 options:1) 0°C2) 5°C3) 15°C4) 25°CQuestion 30 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 30: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – is most influencing the difference in temperature between Locations H and I?Question 30 options:1) Maritime effect2) Altitude3) Urban heat island4) None of the aboveQuestion 31 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 31: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location J.Question 31 options:1) 0°C2) 5°C3) 15°C4) 30°CQuestion 32 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 32: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location K.Question 32 options:1) -5°C2) 5°C3) 15°C4) 45°CQuestion 33 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 33: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – is most influencing the difference in temperature between Locations J and K?Question 33 options:1) Maritime effect2) Altitude3) Urban heat island4) None of the aboveQuestion 34 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 34: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location L.Question 34 options:1) 0°C2) 5°C3) 15°C4) 20°CQuestion 35 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 35: Estimate the mean monthly July temperature for Location M.Question 35 options:1) -30°C2) 5°C3) 15°C4) 35°CQuestion 36 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 36: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – is most influencing the difference in temperature between Locations L and M?Question 36 options:1) Maritime effect2) Altitude3) Urban heat island4) None of the aboveQuestion 37 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 37: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – would most likely show same trend in average monthly temperature in January as in July? (Hint: Figures 1-3)Question 37 options:1) Maritime effect2) Altitude3) Urban heat island4) None of the aboveQuestion 38 (1 point)ListenReadSpeaker webReader: ListenQuestion 38: What of these local-scale factors – continental vs maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – would likely show an opposite trend in average monthly temperature in January as in July? (Hint: Fig. 1-3)Question 38 options:1) Maritime effect2) 0Altitude3) Urban heat island4) None of the above

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